Handmade Artists' Blog


Where does Crochet come from, who invented it….

handmade teddy bearsCrochet is a process of creating fabric from yarn, thread, or other material strands
using a crochet hook. Even some Rag Rugs can be crocheted. Why am I writing
about Crocheting? I am a fan of it myself and currently teach a bunch of teenagers
at my local church how to crochet.
The word is derived from the French word “crochet”, meaning hook. Hooks can be
 made of materials such as metals, woods or plastic and are commercially
manufactured as well as produced by artisans. Crocheting, like  knitting, consists
of pulling loops through other loops, but additionally incorporates wrapping the
working material around the hook one or more times. Crochet differs from knitting
in that only one stitch is active at one time (exceptions being Tunisian Crochet
(I love that one) and broomstick lace, stitches made with the same diameter of yarn
are comparably taller, and a single crochet hook is used instead of two knitting
needles. Additionally, crochet has its own system of symbols to represent stitch types.

 
crochet easter bunnyLis Paludan theorizes that crochet evolved from traditional practices in Iran,
South America or China, but there is no decisive evidence of the craft being
performed before its popularity in Europe during the 19th century.
The earliest written reference to crochet refers to slip stitch crochet/ shepherds knitting
from The Memoirs of a Highland Lady by Elizabeth Grant (1797–1830) in the 19th
century. Some claim that the first published crochet patterns appeared in the Dutch
magazine “ Penelope in 1824. Crochet patterns have recently been found in the S
wedish magazine “Konst och nyhetsmagasin för medborgare av alla klasser” from
1819, discarding this earlier notion.There might exist even earlier examples in
publications not previously scrutinized. Other indicators that crochet was new in
the 19th century include the 1847 publication  A Winters Gift which provides detailed
instructions for performing crochet stitches, although it presumes that readers
understand the basics of other needlecrafts. Early references to the craft in Godey’s
Lady’s Book in 1846 and 1847 refer to crocheted before the spelling standardized in
1848.

 
Christening GownFashions in crochet changed with the end of the Victorian era in the 1890s.
Crocheted laces in the new Edwardian era, peaking between 1910 and 1920, became
even more elaborate in texture and complicated stitching.
The strong Victorian colors disappeared, though, and new publications called for
white or pale threads, except for fancy purses, which were often crocheted of
brightly colored silk and elaborately beaded. After World War I, far fewer crochet
 patterns were published, and most of them were simplified versions of the early
20th century patterns. After World War II, from the late 40s until the early 60s, t
here was a resurgence in interest in home crafts, particularly in the United States,
with many new and imaginative crochet designs published for colorful doilies,
potholders, and other home items, along with updates of earlier publications.
These patterns called for thicker threads and yarns than in earlier patterns and
included wonderful variegated colors. The craft remained primarily a homemaker’s
art until the late 1960s and early 1970s, when the new generation picked up on crochet
and popularized granny squares, a motif worked in the round and incorporating bright
colors.

metal crochet braceletAlthough crochet underwent a subsequent decline in popularity, the early 21st century
 has seen  a revival of interest in handcrafts and DIY, a s well as great strides in
improvement of the quality  and varieties of yarn. There are many more new pattern
books with modern patterns being printed, and most yarn stores now offer crochet
lessons in addition to the traditional knitting lessons.  There are many books you
can purchase from local book stores to teach yourself how to  crochet whether it be
as a beginner or more intermediate, there are also many books for children and
teenagers who are hoping to take up the hobby.
Crochet has experienced a revival on the catwalk. Christopher Kane’s Fall 2011
Ready-to-Wear collection has made intensive use of the  Granny Square, one of the
most basic of crochet motifs. Additionally, websites such as
 Handmadeartists.com have made it easier for individual hobbyists to sell and
distribute their patterns or projects across the internet. Today, even some jewelry is
partially crocheted.
Click on any image in this post to see more about the artists’ and their product!

 

Tags: , , , , , ,

Posted in Handmade

2 Responses to “Where does Crochet come from, who invented it….”

  • admin says:

    Great article Monika! Thanks for the history lesson in crochet!

  • Cool article Monika! Interesting facts about crochet, which I didn’t know. ;o) My Great Grandmother crocheted, back in the early 1900s using a steal hook and thread. My mother has a bedspread she crocheted… it is amazing! Thanks Monkia (including my picture) and for great time reading about my love for this ageless art.


Leave a Reply